Have you noticed your gums bleeding after you floss? Don’t panic.
It is a good idea to have your dentist or hygienist check your mouth for periodontal diseases like gingivitis and periodontitis, which are common and treatable. Gingivitis is the reversible form of the disease, and periodontitis is the more severe form of the disease resulting in the loss of bone that supports the teeth in your jaw.
Causes of Gingivitis (inflammation of the gums)
- Most common cause of gingival inflammation is an accumulation of dental plaque; a thin biofilm of bacteria forming on the teeth and gums. Plaque and tartar buildup allows bacteria to multiply which in turn produces harmful chemicals called toxins. These toxins attack the soft tissue creating pockets and eventual loosening or loss of teeth.
- Hormonal changes due to pregnancy cause increased sensitivity to plaque bacteria resulting in gum inflammation & bleeding tender gums. (Pregnancy Gingivitis)
- Use of Blood-thinning medications (blood thinners) can also cause persistent gum bleeding
- Smoking and some medical conditions can increase the risk of gingivitis and periodontitis in susceptible individuals. These conditions include diabetes, drug abuse, HIV infection, autoimmune diseases, and stress. It is important to note that some smokers will not bleed even though they can have significant periodontal disease.
- Dietary deficiency of Vitamin C
- Family History of Gum Disease
Bleeding Gums Remedies
According to the American Academy of Periodontology, gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease easily reversible with a thorough professional dental cleaning and a good daily oral hygiene program.
- Scaling and Root Planing: This procedure involves removing plaque and tartar from teeth and from under the gumline using ultrasonic instruments along with placement of antibacterial medication below the gumline.
- Full Mouth Debridement
- Prescription Mouth rinse like chlorhexidine gluconate
- Laser therapy in select situations
- Gum Surgery by Periodontists (dental specialist)
- Regular Brushing, Flossing, and dental checkups along with a healthy well-balanced diet and avoiding smoking are the best ways of preventing or minimizing the risk of serious gum diseases like Gingivitis and Periodontitis.
If you believe you are suffering from initial signs of Gingivitis like bleeding gums, swollen, tender or hurtful gums along with shifting or loosening of teeth and foul breath, please contact us and make an appointment at White Rose Family Dental to get your oral checkup and cleaning schedule.